American Government – Article Example
Task Citizen’s right to privacy The United s Constitution lacks a clear reference about what constitutes a right to privacy. However courts have all along recognized that the right to privacy is implicit in the US constitution. The courts have over time defined different bodies for protection of this right. Any individual can now sue for violations of personal privacy under statutory or common laws. These rights guarantee every individual’s freedom to make a variety of choices ranging from marriage, raising families to the more controversial decision of whether to have an abortion or not. The federal government also acknowledges the fact that it has an obligation to defend the citizen’s privacy rights against state agencies.
One of the major privacy rights debates is the growing concern over the ability of state machinery to intrude and gather private information about citizens lives in the name of national security. A good example is the 1999 Federal Intrusion Detection Network, referred to as Fid Net, which was enacted by the Bill Clinton administration. This was a proposed government-run electronic surveillance security system employed to detect patterns of computer intrusions by hackers and terrorists. The system was monitored by the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) leading to a negative reaction from the public over the potential for misuse of the information collected from citizens’ private lives. It was finally limited in the amount of information or data it could collect but still continues to provoke constant debate over balancing of national security matters and the citizens’ right to privacy.
There have also been a host of other controversial debates over the right to privacy in personal decisions such as the choice to have an abortion. A case in point is the famous Roe v. Wade ruling where the Supreme Court used Griswold as well as Eisenstadt precedents to pass a ruling in which prohibition of abortion was stated as a violation of one’s privacy rights. Student privacy rights have also created endless debates on the Fourth Amendment and school rules. An example is the Supreme Court ruling stating that students lose their rights to privacy as soon as they pass the schoolhouse door. This created a debate on whether students have limited rights to privacy than adults or not.
Roe v. Wade. 410 U.S. 113 (1973). 410 U.S. 113. . Justia: US Supreme Court Center. Retrieved
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