American Government – Article Example
THE AMERICAN POWER: THEORIES OF POWER The theories of power are based on ideologies that were founded by different sociologists. These include Weber, Foucault, Parsons and Luke’s theories of power. Some of the theories were created early on in the 20th century while others are even more recent. The theory by Max Weber is based on the fact that man has a chance to make a realization of his or her will and this can be achieved through social action even if this may lead to resisting others who may be participating in such action (Stewart & Stewart, 2001, p 53).
In the case of Michel Foucault’s theory of power, he believed that power does exist everywhere and can come from everywhere only that for this to be realised, a key concept has to be discovered; the trick all lies in the relation between people. According to him, ‘there is no power relation without correlative constitution of a field of knowledge.’ At the same time the knowledge cannot presuppose or constitute at the same time that power relations (Stewart & Stewart, 2001, p 24).
According to Stewart & Stewart (2001, p 56), the case of Stephen Luke, decisions in political situations are dictated by competing views of power that imply the use, limits and application in different settings. Pluralist is one approach is based on observation of behaviour while two-dimensional is another that relies on inherent critical review of ideas set about by pluralists. In the two dimensional approach, the analysis of power is based on control agendas of politics and ways used to keep potential issues out of the political process.
Stewart and Stewart (2001, p 30) states that among the theories observed those by Foucault are more important today as demonstrated in many democracies today. In this the, pluralist theory has assumed power in that political power has eventually been distributed among veto groups that compete for resources. Eventually this has landed in a few wealth organizations and people who use this to exert influence on governance and shape it to benefit oneself. In conclusion all of these theories come handy at some point in life but some are more use as the case of those by Foucault.
Stewart, A & Stewart, A. (2001). Theories of power and domination: the politics of empowerment in late modernity. New York: SAGE.