Assigment Of Philosophy – Article Example
The method of difference and method of agreement a summary explanation The first article reviewed is d, Determinism and the Method of Difference by Urs Hofmann and Michael Baumgartner. The paper is a peer reviewed addition to the University of Konstanz in Germany. In this article the idea that makes up the Method of Difference is discussed in depth. This article was written specifically to understand the conflict that exists between the core principles of deterministic causation and the standard method of difference. According to the authors this difference is, “widely seen and used as a correct method of casually analyzing deterministic structures” (Hofmann, Baumgartner 1-25).
The second article reviewed is taken from Critical Thinking Web an online educational website that offers free online tutorials. The article briefly introduces who John Stuart Mills was and then goes directly into the Method of Agreement. It explains how to understand this argument and uses a brief example of eating oysters and other food as a family with all family members becoming ill. The conclusion and explanation of the example follows. “Mills rule of agreement says that if in all cases where an effect occurs, there is a single prior factor C that is common to all those cases, then C is the cause of the effect” (Tutorial S05).
Both articles address the idea behind each method, however, in the first article there is a much more in depth approach taken and the use of additional sources as well as mathematical principles are promoted. A major difference that also exists is that the first article is peer reviewed and published on a University website. The second article while being thorough is quite brief. The benefit of this approach is that the reader is much more likely to understand the approach if the reader is a beginner in philosophy and Mills Methods.
Hofmann, Baumgartner, U, M. "Determinism and the Method of Difference ."
Universität Konstanz (2010): 1-25. Web. 6 May 2011. http://www.uni-konstanz.de/FuF/Philo/baumgartner/docs/diff_det.pdf
Tutorial S05,. "MODULE: Scientific reasoning TUTORIAL S05:
Mills methods for identifying causes." OpenCourseWare on critical thinking, logic, and creativity. N.p., 2011. Web. 6 May 2011. http://philosophy.hku.hk/think/sci/mill.php