Geography Of Immigration: The Shift From City To Suburb – Article Example
Geography of Immigration: The Shift from to Suburb Immigration is often accompanied by both intended and unintended complications to the host nation. The population of foreign born persons living in the United States in 2010 was estimated by the US Census Bureau to be about 40 million1. The integration of such persons depends on the efforts of the natives as well as the mainstream leaders whose support sends strong messages to the broader community2. However, at the national level, diverse and often negative responses have been reported as occasioned by the failure of the nation to achieve immigration reforms3. According to observers, immigration laws should be enforced at the state
1. Grieco, Elizabeth M., Yesenia D. Acosta, Patricia de la Cruz, Christine Gambino, Thomas Gryn, Luke J. Larsen, Edward N. Trevelyan and Nathan P. Walters. 2010. “The Foreign-Born Population in the United States: 2010.” The American Community Survey Reports, pp 1.
2. Jones-Correa, Michael. 2011. All Immigration is Local: Receiving Communities and Their Role in Successful Immigrant Integration. Washington, DC: Center for American Progress, pp 2.
3. Brettell, Caroline B., and Faith G. Nibbs. 2010. Immigrant Suburban Settlement and the “Threat” to Middle Class Status and Identity: The Case of Farmers Branch, Texas. Oxford: Blackwell, pp 1.
and local levels because the federal government lacks adequate resources to enforce them4. This move is considered effective because criminal punishment and civil violations, which state laws focus on, are also provided for by immigration law. Further, it would address the problem caused by local communities who deny illegal immigrants working and living opportunities across the nation, estimated at 10 million5. Some towns, such as Carpentersville, for example, are using all the authority at their disposal to discourage the settlement of illegal immigrants. While this may be aimed at the common good of the community, it inevitably involves the use of controversial means6. On the contrary, the application of both federal and state law only require immigrants to fulfil certain conditions after which they acquire authority to reside and work in the relevant parts of the nation. However, when the laws are not applied accordingly, it often results in the illegal harboring of aliens in dwelling units, which is often accompanied by crime and health and safety hazards.
4. Seghetti, Lisa M., Stephen R. Vina and Karma Ester. 2006. Enforcing Immigration Law: The Role of State and Local Law Enforcement. CRS Report for Congress pp 2.
5. CBS News. 2006. Welcome to Hazleton: One Mayor’s Controversial Plan to Deal with Illegal Immigrants. http://www.cbsnews.com/news/welcome-to-hazleton/
6. Kotlowitz, Alex. 2007. Our Town. The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2007/08/05/magazine/05Immigration-t.html?scp=1&sq=carpentersville&st=cse&_r=1&