Summary Of (Heyneman/Loxley & Beer/Cannon) – Article Example
Heynaman/Loxley and Beer/Cannon The Heyneman-Loxley effect also known as the HL effect had proposed in the 1970s that school variables in most developing nations were extremely valuable than the socioeconomic status of the family morals in getting any educational achievement. The HL effect was reassessed in the 1990, and a relationship between student performance and the family background of the student was discovered. This discovery was found to be the same in all countries despite the economic level of the country and the different family incomes in the different nations. This discovery also lowered the HL effect on schools performance and the student performance (Heynaman & Loxley 2).
The HL effect is said to moderate the relationship of students and the performance of a country’s economy. This quality of school education has got a real significant effect on the students’ academic performance and the family morals and economic status of the family. The HL effect has been used widely to gauge the performance of children in schools and their performance in sciences and mathematics.
The HL article showed that the small effects in schools were mostly found in countries with developed economies, while the schools that had the largest effects were mostly found in countries with poor economies. For example, the report said that brighter students in sciences and mathematics were most likely to be found in well developed countries economically. Hence, the conclusion was that the HL effect meant that the resources provided in schools were extremely helpful for the growth of students and youth in the developing countries (Heynaman & Loxley 15).
There is very little research that has been carried out on the pay for performance programs; hence, there are many questions that are arising from these issues. After a research was carried out Beer and Cannon stated some of the barriers to that were linked to the performance of management. These barriers included; measuring performance is quite a difficult task to do more so when it is being done in small scale levels. Performance is pushed by factors that are out of the control of man hence no one can be able to measure performance well. Managers need to motivate their workers in order to get a better performance that they will be satisfied with.
Stephen P. Heyneman, William A. Loxley. The effect of primary-school quality on academic
achievement across twenty-nine high- and low-income countries. Washington, D.C.,
U.S.: World Bank, 1983.Print