Biological And Psychological Theories Of Crime – Book Report/Review Example
Theories of Crime Biological and Psychological Theories of Crime There have been speculations by theorists about behavior and brainanomalies. Other theorists have also attributed criminality to abnormalities that are of the endocrine system. Violence in women is some of the crimes that can be explained by this theory. The pre-menstrual syndrome theorists have found out that there might be a correlation between menstruation and violence in women. It happens such that, the hormones responsible for menstruation are also responsible for triggering violence in women. Therefore, on would expect women to be more violent when they are menstruating. Similarly, the XYY theorist also associated presence of extra Y chromosome in men with violence in them. Men who possess extra Y chromosome are said to exhibit violent behavior. Y chromosomes are normally known to be associated with males who are naturally associated with violence. When there is an extra Y chromosome, the violence will increase in men because there is more of that chromosome responsible for it.
Learning theory is a psychological theory that expresses that criminal behavior is can be obtained through observing and emulating the criminal acts of others (Cole and Cole). For example, shoplifting is a crime. When a person watches a friend shoplift and goes free without being caught, hence escaping punishment, gets the courage also to try the criminal behavior next time. The person goes on to shoplift expecting that he or she will also be caught, and will be able to keep the thing they shoplifted for free. Such rewards that come with criminal behaviors also encourage the act.
Cole, M. and S.R. Cole. The Development of Children. New York: W.H. Freeman and Company, 1993.