Blog 4 – Book Report/Review Example
Blog: Gender Inequality and Stratification: Global Perspective Gender is commonly confused with sex. Sex is a biological difference between male and female in terms of physical body structure and composition. Gender is the cultural meaning attached to being a male or female. With our men dominated society, women are discriminated in resource allocation, wealth distribution, and power. Through socialization process, it a common practice for people to incorporate gender in both actions (gender roles) and personalities (gender identities). Understanding a Diverse Society by Margaret and Taylor (315) defines gender role as “Expectations regarding the proper behavior, attitudes, and activities of males or females.” The role of gender plays a significant role at work place, academic institutions, home, and religious functions. Besides, gender is culturally ordained, hence dictated by our cultural beliefs. Though these culturally defined roles are changing, they are still of great value.
For instance, in the past, some professions (such as piloting) were cultural unacceptable for women. Neither could men be nanny. Besides, in the eighteenth century, it was not a common phenomenon for a man to stay at home during the day, but currently (in the twenty first century), stay at home fathers are common. A study in 2002 revealed that only thirty percent of women support staying at home, hence gender stratification. According to Margaret and Taylor (316) gender stratification is socially defined as "unequal distribution of power, money and privileges between males and females." This evidence of gender equality (stratification) is evidence everywhere from work place, family, to political battle fields.
Reinforced cultural definition of feminine and masculine is fostered through social institutions such as family, learning institutions, peer groups, and mass-media. Gender roles are activities and attitudes that society bestows on each sex patriarchy, commonly referred to as “rule of the fathers”, or matriarchy which defines female dominance. The patriarchy feminism ideology is founded on the basis of sexism (Margaret and Taylor 317-8).
Following recurrent involvement and success of women in leadership, political, and management roles, society needs to rethink their norms and cultural conservativeness regarding gender inequality. Legal institutions and the human right watchdogs have a role to play in restoring gender equality in the society. It is through these institutions that strong legislations could be proposed to avert this disparity. Otherwise, if they too play coy, then we are headed for the dark as the potentials in the weaker sex will go untapped.
Andersen, Margaret L, and Howard F. Taylor. Sociology: Understanding a Diverse Society. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth/Thomson Learning, 2008. P.315-8. Print.