Political Economy Of Race, Class And Gender – Book Report/Review Example
Political Economy of Race, and Gender In the monograph, Randy, Robert and Steven describe the tenacious wage disparity and employment discrimination suffered by African-Americans and women. Despite the increase in women involvement and/or presence in higher paying jobs that were customarily preserved for men and plentiful efforts to eradicate wage gap, there is still a great disproportion between the wages earned by women and as compared to their men counterparts (Albelda et al. 16). In 2009, women workers earned 77% of what their male equivalents earned. From 1980 to 1990, women’s median annual incomes comparative to men’s rose swiftly from 60.2% to 71.6% and later to approximately 77% in 2009, which is a significant improvement and achievement for those championing for gender equality.
The authors identify that discrimination accounts for 40% of the wage gap. However, women’s choice to abscond duties and career interruptions that plummet their working hours significantly contribute to the wage gap. For instance, only 27% of men fail to attend to their duties due to familial responsibilities while the percentage for women is 42%. Despite embracing the “Paycheck Fairness Act,” the wage gap continues existing due the social perception that women are inferior to men. Moreover, the uncertainty that is prevalent in the labor market continues to disadvantage women who have to work for about 60 extra days to earn what their male counterparts had earned at the end of the preceding year. The wage gap continues and is estimated that it will reduce by 23% by 2019 but great human and financial resources must be devoted to the mission of plummeting the prevalent wage gap.
1. The author seems to advocate that to address the inequality, women must actively take part. What is it that they can do to close the demoralizing wage gap?
2. Why is it proving to be challenging to strip race out of the prevailing gender wage gap?
3. With most women having conformed to feminine typecasts, will the gender wage gap ever be unraveled as anticipated?
Albelda, Randy P, Robert W. Drago, and Steven Shulman. Unlevel Playing Fields: Understanding Wage Inequality and Discrimination. New York: McGraw-Hill Companies, 2009. Print.