The Mediation Effect Of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms On The Relationship Of Intimate – Book Report/Review Example

Mediation Effect of PTSD on Relation of IPV and IFN- In this research, Wood et.al (2005) aimed establishing the link that exists between intimate partner violence (IPV) and mental health related problems. To carry out the research, they employed the use of immune marker that was to aid in the determination of whether posttraumatic stress disorder intercede IPV effects on pro-inflamatory cytokinine leves (IFN-). The IFN- is a potent macrophage activator that also antiviral activity To attain the stated objective, they involved 39 non-abused women and 62 women who have undergone IPV from whom they obtained the IFN- value from each. From the mean IFN- values obtained, it was established that it was high in women who had undergone IPV than those who had not. The high value may be attributed to that fact that IPV usually involve abuses that tend to have long-standing consequences on their health. Such abuses in intimate relationships include physical abuse such as kicking or beating, sexual abuse, as well as emotional and psychological abuse through naming calling, constant criticism among others. As such IPV may be identified as a stressor that normally poses negative impacts on a woman’s health.
Their research provides adequate background literature that seems to support their arguments. For instance, the IFN- value tend to be high because compared to their non-abused counterparts, abused women usually record high incidences immune disorders that further stimulates more contraction of more infections. Another crucial report worth noting is the fact that there was a significant variation in immune related physical symptoms in the report of frequent chronic pain symptoms between the two groups of participants. The chronic pain is associated with the IFN- . The research is also well augmented by the provision of relevant statistical data in the presentation of the research findings, which enhances comprehension of the report. Minimization of error was remarkably done through exclusion of participants possessing certain factors that are known to have an effect on the immune system. Such participants included lactating women, pregnant women, old women, drug and alcohol users as well as those under treatment. The research also involved the use of other valid instruments such as the Partner Abuse Scale (PAS), which provide extensive data on the type and severity of abuse. The general, the research provided a breakthrough in the incorporation of psychology in medicine by providing that women who exhibits symptoms of Post Traumatic Stress disorder or comorbid depression should be assessed for partner abuse.
Reference
Ford, D., Campbell, J. C., Woods, A. B., Page, G. G., & O’Campo, P. (2005). The Mediation
Effect of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms on the Relationship of Intimate Partner Symptoms on the Relationship of Intimate Partner. American Journal of Community Psychology , 36 (1/2).