Aircraft Accidents – Coursework Example

Aircraft Accidents al Affiliation) Aircraft Accidents On December 19, 2005, the ‘101 Grumman Turbo Mallard (G-73T), N2969’crashed as a result of improper maintenance procedures. The NTSB established the cause of the accident to be the disintegration of the right wing and in-flight failure during normal flight. The aircraft’s maintenance was sourced from Chalk’s Ocean Airways. The maintenance program was held accountable for failing to identify and correct repair fatigue cracks that were visible in the right wing. The Federal Aviation Administration was accused of failing to identify the incompetence of the maintenance program.
The accident poses a great challenge to Aircraft Maintenance Technicians (AMT). As the aircraft becomes old, the exterior might begin to wear out. AMT technicians ought to identify and correct fatigue cracks on the aircraft’s wings. A separation of the wing from the aircraft would result in in-flight failure during normal flight. Improper exterior maintenance has a cause and effect relationship on the aircraft’s efficiency and might have dire consequences. According to the NTSB, maintenance programs ought to include a comprehensive analysis through an engineering evaluation. Continued airworthiness for aircrafts should be enhanced through a modification of oversight procedures.
The United Airline Flight 226 accident occurred on January 18, 1969. The aircraft departed Los Angeles en route to Denver. The accident report indicated that engine number one was shut down after a fire warning was received. The aircraft lost altitude and crashed 12 miles off the coast killing all 38 people on board. The accident revealed that; there are standard procedures for electrical power requirements for low-speed flights. When two generators are in operation, the galley power should be switched off, and only one air conditioner should be on during takeoff.
On 28th April, 1988, the Aloha Airline Flight 243 (from Hilo en route to Honolulu) suffered an explosive decompression resulting in structural failure. The accident revealed the effects of fatigue damage to the aircraft’s structure. Fatigue damage led to material disbanding that caused the fuselage upper lobe to disintegrate. Supervision is also a matter of great importance. The FAA ought to implement all Airworthiness Directives for a comprehensive inspection of aircrafts.
On August 14, 2013, the UPS 1354 crashed as it approached Birmingham-Shuttlesworth International Airport. The pilots did not monitor their altitude and failed to communicate their actions during approach. The plane was not stable as it approached the shorter of the two runways. They did a non-precision approach that led to the crash. The lesson learnt from the UPS Flight1354 accident is that pilots ought to understand the flying full approaches to apply in different situations. Among the approaches are; ILS approaches, visual approach, and non-precision circling approaches. Information about weather conditions should also be sufficient for safe landing.
Reference
Aviation Accident Reports. (n.d.). Accident Investigations. Retrieved October 10, 2014, from
http://www.ntsb.gov/investigations/reports_avia