Biography – Coursework Example
English Biography: Clara Lemlich Born in 1886 to a Jewish family, Clara Lemlich blossomed to become a central figure in the fight of worker’s rights through initiating revolutions. Social disorder and adversities characterized her earlier life under the Russian realm, and eventually, her family fled Ukraine to the United States, where they lived as immigrants. She worked in the textile industry, where immigrant workers experienced long working hours and menial wages. Later, she joined the International Ladies’ Garment Workers’ Union (ILGWU) where she fought for the improvement of factory conditions and the rights of workers. In their struggle, they underwent untold suffering through beatings and physical harm by both police and hired assailants. Her efforts were fruitful on November 22, 1909 through a strike, christened the Uprising of the Twenty Thousand, in which she led a two-month strike with fifteen thousand labor workers. The protest was successful and it led to concessions and reforms that presented better pay and shorter working hours. However, the catastrophic 1911 Triangle Fire that led to the demise of hundreds of workers dampened this advancement in worker’s rights. Lemlich continued championing for worker’s rights, later joining the Communist party and lobbying for women’s suffrage. Her political leanings transformed some of her ideologies, eventually breaking ties with ILGWU, and later formally retiring from the union in 1954. After her marriage to Joe Shavelson in 1913, she continued with her leadership roles and organization of strikes. She led strikes against price increases of food after WW1, was a committee member of trade unions in Europe, and organized the American League against War and Fascism. The house of un-American activities scrutinized Lemlich and her family because of her earlier participation in the Communist party. She died on July 12, 1982 after a lengthy and eventful life.