Challenges Of The Literature Review – Coursework Example

Challenges of the literature review Literature review is a fundamental element of a scientific research that helps in identification of knowledge gapin an area of study and develops a basis for research methodology. It however faces challenges, some of which this paper discusses.
One of the challenges related to literature reviews is researcher’s bias in development of background information to a study. Conflict of interest may influence preference for information into the literature review and dictate choice of key words for recruiting literatures for review. The bias may also extend to selection of literatures and interpretation of contents. The bias in conducting literature review has significant adverse effects on validity and reliability of developed methodology, results, and conclusion of a study because aspects of methodology such as sampling techniques and data collection tools influences accuracy and representation of collected data. Lack of analytical skills is another challenge that relates to conducting literature review. A researcher may lack creativity into identification and interpretation of key findings in a literature. In addition, inability to integrate information from different literature and interpret the information towards purposes of the literature review may compromise effectiveness the review. As a result, the review may fail to develop knowledge gaps with accuracy or may identify wrong theories and methodology for implementing a research (Torraco, 2005).
Discipline and ethical practice for elimination of conflict of interest is a solution to the bias concern in conducting literature review. Bias in recruitment and selection of literature for review can also be resolved by a researcher’s openness to different perspectives to the subject of research. Training and practice can help in improving analytical skills. Reviewing other researcher’s approaches to conducting literature reviews and comparing the developed reviews and their respective reviewed literatures is an example of practice for developing analytical potentials.
Literature review is fundamental to a successful research. Bias and poor analytical potentials are some of its challenges but managed conflict of interest and training and practice for analytical skills are solutions.
Reference
Torraco, R. (2005). Writing integrative literature reviews: Guidelines and examples. Human Resource Development Review 4(3), 356–367.