Common Diseases Week 6 – Coursework Example

of the Biology of the Concerned 28 March Diabetes Diabetes is an imbalance disease. It is also referred to as Diabetes Mellitus by the physicians and doctors. It is a metabolic ailment and in case a person suffers from diabetes, it means that one has elevated blood glucose or has high blood sugar. Diabetes happens when the body does not produce sufficient insulin. Diabetes may also occur because an individual’s body cells do not properly respond to insulin. It may also happen owing to a combination of both these factors.
Polyuria is a typical symptom of Diabetes. It means that a patient suffering from diabetes frequently passes out urine or feels the urge to do so. In addition the patients of diabetes also exhibit polydipsia and polyphagia that is they feel thirsty and hungry very often during the day.
There are two types of diabetes that is Type 1 diabetes and Type 2 diabetes. In case of Type 1 diabetes, a patient’s body fails to produce insulin. Thereby, the patients of Type 1 diabetes are required to pursue a healthy diet, engage in frequent exercise and take insulin. In case of Type 2 diabetes a patient’s body does not produce enough insulin to enable one to lead a normal life. Such patients are required to exercise, eat a healthy diet, and check their blood glucose frequently. In addition they may require oral medications or insulin to control blood glucose.
With proper care and leading an active life, the patients of diabetes could have a normal and relatively functional life