Criminal Acts And Law Enforcement – Coursework Example

How Various Societies Determine Which Acts are Criminal and which are not Which acts are criminal and which are not. Societies havea common technique to determine which acts are legal and which are not. The two common models are the Conflict Model and Consensus Model. The Criminal Justice System uses the Consensus Model, which is based on the fact that the majority of the society shares the same views and ideas about the issues. It is hence reasonable to conclude that the same society shares the same perspective on what is moral and what is not moral. The same people in the society will certainly share the same beliefs. According to the consensus model, crime is anything that goes against the beliefs and ideas of the society and is hence considered to poison the society and even ruin it.
The conflict model is determined by the people who hold social, economic and political powers. The group that determines what is criminal and what is not is one of these groups that wields power (Hopkins, 2011).
Federalism is the distribution of authority in an organization between a central authority and various units of the organization. Each country has different levels of law enforcement. USA, for instance, has three levels of law enforcement (Law Enforcement, 2015). The respective three levels of investigation in the United States government are the Federal Bureau of Investigation, the state police, and the local police. The highest of the three levels of law enforcement is the Federal Bureau of Investigation. The second most powerful level of law enforcement is the State level agencies. The functions of the State Police are maintaining centralized criminal records, running bureaus for identification purposes and assisting of the local police. The least powerful of the three levels is the local agencies. Their functions include; ensuring that courtrooms are secure, serving court documents and running country jails.
References
Hopkins, V. (2011, May 22). Criminal Acts and Choices. Retrieved from http://www.termpaperwarehouse.com: http://www.termpaperwarehouse.com/essay-on/Criminial-Acts-And-Choices/34180
LAW ENFORCEMENT. (2015). Retrieved from Go Law Enforcement: http://www.golawenforcement.com/LawEnforcementAgencies.htm