Definitions – Coursework Example

Engineering and construction Definition of the concept of building practices broadly include the issues that are of importance for a building to beconsidered healthy such as moisture control, ventilation, and water and air quality.
Microclimate is defined as the prevailing weather conditions of a particular building site such as air movements and solar which affects the durability, energy and the comfort performance of a particular building.
Topographic factors of a natural site are the characteristics of topography which influences the changes in temperatures, creation of wetlands and storm water runoff on the site of a building which lead to problems related to moisture and decay if the house is not build well.
Human caused factors are the hazardous conditions that may be present in a building site as a result of human activities. These conditions may lead to contamination of drinking water and soil such as abandoned or closed landfills, and underground storage of hazardous substances.
The construction age is defines the relationship between the age of the building and the impact of the construction materials to the occupational health such as hazardous materials, insufficient heating and air conditioning with respect to the age of the building.
Building practices are defined as elements in the construction of a building that have effect on human health such as ventilation, moisture control, indoor quality of the air, and water systems.
Ventilation is defined as a critical element that is necessary for air control and removal of odours and airborne chemicals
Moisture control is an element that prevents the potential problems of moisture in occupants and buildings.
Water systems are ways in which water is supplied to the occupants building such as privater and municipal water systems.
Finishes, furnishing and household products are defined as potential hazards that may result to health effects for the occupants such as household chemicals as a result of finishing and furnishing of new houses and food wastes in new and old houses.
Residence lifestyles are defined as the choices that people make to improve the environment and air quality in the house thus, reducing environmental hazards such as careful planning and design of house site, selection of materials and maintenance. Lifestyle choices also include family pets, household pests and environmental tobacco smoke (Parrot, Atiles & Vogel, 2005).
References
Parrot, K. R., Atiles, J.H, & Vogel, M.P. (2005). Chapter 3: Home Environments and Health. Pp 55-72