Discussion – Coursework Example

Discussion: Leadership and management May 11, Discussion: Leadership and management Leadership and management are some of the essentials of a successful organization. The two aspects are different but should coexist. Leadership defines the act or process of influencing people towards a desired objective while management is the act or process or controlling people and processes towards achieving a goal. The first difference between leadership and management is, therefore, the approach to achieving a set target. Leadership involves measures for developing intrinsic motivation into free will cooperation. Leadership styles such as charismatic leadership that relies on affection towards the leaders, transformational that relies on empowerment of followers, and transactional that establishes frameworks for followers illustrate the influence motive of leadership. Management, however, is an authoritarian approach that relies on set targets and offers directives that must be followed, and failure to meet management objectives often yields consequences. Objectives also distinguish leadership and management. Leadership aims at achieving change while management aims at product generation. In addition, managers have outlined authority over their subjects while submission to leadership is at the follower’s discretion.
Leadership is necessary when sufficient time exists for influencing people towards change and when authority is either not applicable or not necessary. Implementing technological change in an organization is an example of when leadership is necessary. The change could not have been part of employees’ contractual obligations and forcing it on them could reduce the employees’ efficiency of even employee turnover. Influencing them to embrace the new technology, however, promises success. Enforcing employees’ obligations such as meeting existing and realistic output requirements, however, requires management because employees are aware of the expectations and already committed to achieving them. An order that stipulates penalties for failure and its implementation enforces management.