Discussion – Coursework Example
Vrooms Theory Vrooms Theory Whereas Herzberg and Maslow consider the relationship between the resulting efforts to fulfill needs and the internal need, Vroom’s theory separates performance, effort, and outcomes. Vroom’s theory assumes that the behavior outcomes from the various conscious choices, purpose to minimize pain and to maximize pleasure. According to Vroom, the performance of employees is based on various individual factors skills, knowledge, personality, abilities, as well as experience. Performance, motivations, as well as effort, are linked to an individual’s motivation.
Vroom’s expectancy theory uses various variables to account for performance. These variables include instrumentality, Expectancy as well as Valence. Expectancy is a conviction that an increase in effort will undoubtedly improve performance. Various factors influence the relationship between these convictions. These factors include skills, resources, necessary support among others. Instrumentality is a conviction that if an individual performs well, the valued outcome will be highly valued. How well a job is performed is affected by rules regarding the reward, transparency of the various processes that determine rewarding of the outcome among others. On the other hand, Valence indicates the magnitude of importance a person places upon an expected result. A positive Valence requires proper training, allocate adequate time, and allocate sufficient resources to others (McMenemy, 2007).
Vroom’s expectancy theory is one of the most practical theory. For instance, a student’s way of life is significantly dependent on Vroom’s expectancy theory. School life is based on the relationship between effort, performance, and outcomes. How well a student can coordinate these elements determines how successful a student will be at the ending of the semester or the end of the course work (McMenemy, 2007).
Vroom’s theory is detrimental in work settings. For instance, individuals can use this theory to monitor their general performance at work. Since this theory can adequately separate effort, performance as well as outcomes, individuals can understand their weak links and thus, taking necessary actions.
McMenemy, D. (2007). Vrooms expectancy theory and the public library customer motivation
Model. Library Review, 788 - 796.