Discussion – Coursework Example
Electronic Monitoring Electronic Monitoring This is the use of electronic devices to observe the movementof detainees, ex-convicts and other petty offenders instead of taking them to prison. There are several electronic monitoring devices used by correctional systems and one includes those use in house arrest. Electronic monitoring supports house arrests in several ways. One is that electronic monitoring observes the offender 24 hours a day and raises alarm in case the device is removed. Regular phone calls also ensure the confined person remains in the house all the time.
A social criticism of the electronic device is that it is invasive. This is because every move and conversation made by the confined individual is heard and at times even recorded and hence no privacy maintained and especially for couples. The other criticism is that electronic monitoring lacks incapacitation hence dangerous criminals can relapse after the house arrest. This is a concern in legal fields (Ryder, and Elrod, 2011).
Restitution is a program where law offenders compensate for the damage they have done through money payments, community service or even victim service. Juveniles are young offenders who cannot be put in regular jails because of their age. They can however be put in a restitution program as a way of serving term for the offence committed (Ryder, and Elrod, 2011).
Community service and victim service is reasonable for the juveniles to engage in as a restitution program as they can do it on their own. Money payment for the damage done is however not practical as most juveniles are really young and have no jobs to provide the money and their parents therefore have to pay which is overburdening them. If the other two forms of restitution are enforced on the juveniles, they may learn a lesson.
Ryder, S. and Elrod, P. (2011). Juvenile Justice: A Social Historic and Legal Perspective. Massachusetts: Jones & Bartlett Learning.