Discussion Question – Coursework Example

Nursing Nursing Risk factors for osteoporosis Osteoporosis risk factors include sex, age, race and family. For sex, women are likely to develop osteoporosis faster in comparison to men. The Asian and White have the highest risk for developing the disease in terms of race. Further, the family history of a person depicts the chances for developing osteoporosis in case the family has one person who has the condition (Krant, 2006). The size of a person also depicts the risk where the small individuals have higher risks than the large body built persons. Sex hormones, such as the reduction of the estrogen in women during menopause and the testosterone reduction in men as they age increase the risk for individuals to develop osteoporosis. Further, excess thyroid hormone has the consequence of causing the loss of the bone while the overreaction of adrenal parathyroid glands increases chances for developing osteoporosis. Low calcium intake, eating disorders, gastrointestinal surgery, use of steroids, excessive alcohol consumption and tobacco use contribute towards the development of the disease.
How pathophysiology of osteoporosis differ from osteoarthritis
Osteoporosis depicts a bone disease, which involves the reduction of the quality and amount of the bone leading to a fracture while the osteoarthritis depicts a disease that involves joints revolving around tissues. Osteoporosis involves the weakening of bones, which may lead to their breakage or fracture in a silent manner without a person noticing that there is a problem in the body (Osteoporosis Canada, 2014). On the other hand, osteoarthritis involves impacts on the knees, spine, feet, finders and hips since these are the key joints of the human body. The impact on each joint is different and it may result in immobility and pain at the joints.
References
Krant, J. (2006). What is the difference between osteoporosis and osteoarthritis? Retrieved
from: http://www.healthcentral.com/osteoarthritis/c/75/2290/difference/
Osteoporosis Canada. (2014). Osteoporosis and osteoarthritis. Retrieved from:
http://www.osteoporosis.ca/osteoporosis-and-you/osteoporosis-and-osteoarthritis/