Europe In The Twentieth Century – Coursework Example
Topic: Europe in the Twentieth Century World War I Militarism as a result of various alliance systems is regarded as the major cause of the First World War. The formation alliances were triggered by the desire of Germany to replace Britain as the world’s super power1. However, Freud attributes the eruption of the First World War to the writings of various famous authors such as Sydney Fay in his book The Origins of the War in 1928.
The military strategy of the German army was to conquer France in six weeks by using Belgium as its pathway (Cimbala, 3). This plan did not succeed as it led to the formation of an alliance among Belgium, France and Britain which delayed the Germans’ mission. Trench warfare was the result of retaliation from the alliance as the war involved the modern technology such as the use of barbed wire, observation balloons which were used by the German army, rapid firing artillery and the use of machine guns.
The First World War led to the introduction of nationalism in Europe. National pride meant that a nation had power over the other nations. This ideology was introduced by the Germans in their struggle for supremacy in Europe and the world at large. The political division in Italy which was between the agricultural south Italy and the industrial northern part of Italy was to be settled by a war with Hungary. In this case, the Europeans believed in nationalism as the best approach of promoting unity thus national supremacy was the model used to unify a country. This aspect became a problem after the end of the 1st world war as it threatened the multinational states2. For instance nations which were not politically stable such as Australia and Hungary were dominated by the European ‘big brothers’ such as German.
The First World War affected the economic structure of Britain and the US as the Britain and France bought a lot of war material and food from the US thus forcing America to join the war as their investments were at stake (Cimbala, 8).. America joined the war in aid of France and Britain to protect its investments and trading partners.
The world war changed the mental perception of many Europeans about their governments. This led to the formation of humanitarian aid by many of the First World War participant nations. The aftermath of the war brought a new meaning to the model of nationalism as it currently stands for the promotion of national unity through the love of one’s nation rather than the political ride which triggers the desire of supremacy thus eruption of war.
Cimbala S, J. The Politics of Warfare: The Great Powers in the Twentieth Century. New York. Penn State Press. 2010.