Homicide – Coursework Example
Homicide Affiliation: In the simplest terms possible, homicide is the killing of a human being either voluntarily, involuntarily, or through negligence. Homicides are defined under different categories based on occurrence and motive of the offender or killer. Starting with involuntary manslaughter; this is defined as the as the killing of a human being following criminal negligence or an unintentional murder resulting from recklessness. An example of an involuntary manslaughter is the case of a drunk driver who hits and kills a pedestrian. On the contrary, based on motives and occurrence, voluntary manslaughter is the killing of a human being in which the offender had no premeditated motives or intentions of killing the victim but due to escalated circumstances, the offender reacts violently under emotional duress. An example of voluntary manslaughter is a case where a married couple retires into heated argument and in the heat of the moment, the husband or the wife reacts violently killing the other (Miethe, & Regoeczi, 2004).
Homicides differ in terms of the contributing factors to their happening. While voluntary and involuntary manslaughters are considered results of subconscious reactions that integrate no prior motive of killing, negligent homicides are killings that result from human negligence. Negligent homicides may or may not involve motive but the offender is normally charged with prior knowledge that negligence or responsibilities to perform specific duties can result into casualties or deaths. An example of a negligent homicide is a case of a school-bus driver to parks a school bus amid a slope without pulling on the emergency brakes or setting it on parking mode therefore resulting into acceleration down the slope resulting into the deaths of pedestrians and bus occupants (Miethe, & Regoeczi, 2004).
In the commission of crimes, killings that were not intended result and in some common law jurisdictions, offenders are charged with felony murder. On the other hand, felony-murder renders all participants of a crime or those liable for the furtherance of a felony resulting into deaths responsible for the committing a felony-murder. Considering voluntary, involuntary manslaughters, and negligence homicide, felony-murder applies to only two of these cases. For voluntary manslaughter, arguments and fights during a felony can lead to murder although no prior intention of killing was planned. For negligent homicide, felony murder is applicable considering a case where due to negligence of a position holder, a crime results and leads to the deaths of anyone directly impacted by the commission of the crime.
Miethe, T., & Regoeczi, W. (2004). Rethinking Homicide: Exploring the Structure and Process Underlying Deadly Situations. Cambridge University Press.