How Did Choson Deal With Japanese And Manchu Invasions In Mid-Choson How Did Responses Differ To – Coursework Example
How did Choson deal with Japanese and Manchu invasions in mid-Choson? How did responses differ to Western encroachment in the 19th century? name:
Korea was invaded by Toyotomi Hideyoshi of Japan from 1592 to 1598. Japan was interested in the Peninsula; thus the motivation to attack Korea. The effect of the war was felt not only by Choson but by the whole East Asia community. The invasion remains in the Korean history as the most tragic moment witnessed there (Swope, 2006). The fighting was characterized by sieges especially during the second invasion by the Hideyoshi. Fighting the stronger Japan as not easy leading to loss of many Korean properties and lives (Yu, 2012).
The Japanese invaders were strong for Korea. The Koreans were however able to check the Japanese by effecting a military victory. Through a process of attrition, the Koreans were able to prevent the Japanese from the launching any offensives and were, therefore, able to wear them down. The Koreans had enforced a Border Defense Council, consisting of the military and the civil officials ward off Japanese invasions. The major response was implemented by the Turtle ships, which well designed for war, by Yi Sun-sin, then Naval commander. He emerged victoriously during the first encounter (Swope, 2006).
The Choson king, Sonjo left his place and sought the assistance of the military of the Ming Wanli emperor. The Choson in collaboration with the Wanli emperor ordered a strengthening of the Chinese coastal defenses and intensified surveillance of the Korean peninsula. A massive army of approximately 44,000 men was formed which in February 1593, managed to expel the Japanese from Pyongyang (Womack, 2010).
This type of response by the Chonso was a sharp contrast of the Western encroachment in the 19th century. During the encroachment, the Siamese had oppressed the natives in the pretense of unifying them in the creation of a modern nation. The Bangkok’s anti-Western colonization was regarded an oppressive means of fighting colonialism (Lee & De, 2000). The Chonso’s response was for the good of the natives and his collaboration with the Ming Wanli emperor was geared towards ejecting the Japanese but did not have any accusations of oppression (Noobanjong, 2003).
It can, therefore, be concluded that the Chonso wanted to rescue his people from the oppression of the Japan’s Manchu. Even after his ejection, he still continued fighting for the success of his army. The western encroachment was, on the other hand, accompanied with lots of self-interest, characterized by the oppression of the natives.
Lee, P. H., & De Bary, W. T. (Eds.). (2000). Sources of Korean Tradition: From the sixteenth to
the twentieth centuries (Vol. 2). Columbia University Press.
Noobanjong, K. (2003). Power, identity, and the rise of modern architecture: From Siam to
Thailand. S.l.: Dissertation.com.
Swope, K. M. (2006). Beyond T Turtleboats: Siege Accounts from Hideyoshis Second Invasion
of Korea, 1597-1598. Sungkyun Journal of East Asian Studies, 6(2), 177-206.
Womack, B. (2010). Chinas rise in historical perspective. Lanham, Md: Rowman & Littlefield
Yu, C.-S. (2012). The new history of Korean civilization. Bloomington, In: IUniverse.