Learning Reflective Task – Coursework Example
Crusades In the mind of the church, crusades were military campaigns sanctioned by the Roman Catholic Church with a view to restoring access to holy places by Christians. The targeted areas were holy places in Jerusalem or near it. Over time, the popes called the crusades for political purposes and were consequently used for conflict resolution. In the minds of kings and their second sons, crusades were viewed as a channel of opposition against them. This is aptly covered when Pope Gregory IX declared a crusade against Emperor Fredrick II. After his death the pope transferred the crusade to his son, Conrad IV. On the other hand, the Byzantium also known as the eastern Romans viewed crusades as a means of usurping their authority during their pilgrimages to the holy places (Crawford). Occasionally, they would face fierce opposition from the Muslims which prompted the support of the crusades by the Western countries. Initially, the Muslims were not opposed to the crusades. However, as the crusades intensified they felt it was a threat to their dominance and control of key cities such as Jerusalem. Consequently, they mounted counter attacks. To the Italian merchant city-states, the crusades led to a flourishing trade. There was a constant need to supply the large armies as well as provision of transport services. As a result, states such as Genoa and Venice flourished from the crusading colonies. For instance, Venetian ships provided transportation services to the Holy Land (Runciman). Nevertheless, the crusades were significant to the states in varied ways.
Crawford, Paul. The Crusades. 23 March 2008. 21 April 2015 .
Runciman, Steven . A History of the Crusades: The Kingdom of Acre and the Later Crusades. New Jersey: CUP Archive, 2009.