Political Theories – Coursework Example
Political Theories Affiliation Ancient Athenian Oaths formed the basis of a democratic government in Greece. Abiding by the law was uncultured in the ancient Athenian everyday life as a way of promoting democracy. Oaths taken on various occasions were meant to help society adhere to the rightful way of interaction (Levy 2013). The Athenian citizens routinely put into practice all their oaths in order to avoid attracting punishments and curses that were occasioned by breaking the law. For instance, the Ephebic Oath, which was purely meant for young males, was purposely used to prepare them to take up an active role in the military. Although it had initially begun as a way of imparting responsibilities and adulthood in young men, it had later impacts on the governance system as the youths finally ended up in the military. Most of the Athenians participated in voting because their social system required them to take oaths seriously, especially those that involve the public welfare such as choosing governance (Levy 2013).
Theories by Edmund Burke, John Locke and David Hume digs deep into the inter-generation government responsibility by examining the basic concepts of skepticism associated with human beings and analyzes the relevant human ascribes. Hume found out that humans used skepticism to strengthen morals besides distinguishing what was regarded as right and wrong practice in governance (Levy 2013). The theories form the basis of moral reasoning and judgment that is transferred from one regime to another. In relation to existing environmental policy in the United States, it takes morality and responsibility to make the environment sustainable for future generations. Similar concepts used in David Hume theories are applied to ensure that the policy remains effective in ensuring a healthy pattern of contemporary environmental issues (Levy 2013).
Levy, J.M. (2013). Contemporary urban planning (10th ed.). Upper Saddler River, NJ: Pearson-Prentice Hall Press.