Port Maritime Legislation – Coursework Example

Port Maritime Legislation al Affiliation Port Maritime Legislation The SMART port security legislation is an act directing the Department of Homeland Security to enhance maritime security programs by securing the ports and bettering the protection of the homeland (Committee on Homeland Security, 2012). The directive is important in that it directs the DHS components to strive to improve the nation’s maritime security by partnering with other local, state and federal law agencies. It also encourages the implementation of the risk-based methodology in securing of the global chain that would ultimately lead to saving on costs. The legislation is necessary since an attack on the ports is bound to paralyse the global chain of supply and cause economic stagnation.
The Safe Port Act stands for Security and Accountability for Every Port Act that calls for the establishment of equipment and standards for scanning for radiation in all containers that are entering the United States Ports (Public Law 109347, 2006). The act also requires the inspection of vessels deemed “high risk” before they arrive at the United States ports. It includes procedures and protocol that involve the cooperation between all local state agencies. It ensures a well round security system that cannot be infiltrated. The Act is a critical tool in helping avert attacks before they happen.
The small vessel security strategy was an intervention meant to enhance the security of small vessels owing to the over-emphasis of security on only large vessels (Department of Homeland Security, 2008). Small vessels provide a relatively inconspicuous avenue that criminals might use to advance their intentions. Its purpose is to enhance security in the ports by focusing on the implementation of a coherent system of regimes, awareness and protocols that will enhance economic stability. It comprises various acts geared towards the fulfilment of the above goal.
The acts mentioned above provide a systematic way of handling security problems arising from the ports. The particular involvement of all the agencies (local, state and federal) provides a crime-proof network that will see crimes and terrorist attacks being halted even before they happen.
Committee on Homeland Security. (2012). House Homeland Security Border and Maritime Security Subcommittee Passes SMART Port Security Legislation. Retrieved from http://homeland.house.gov/press-release/house-homeland-security-border-and-maritime-security-subcommittee-passes-smart-port
Department of Homeland Security. (2008). Small Vessel Security Strategy. Retrieved from http://www.dhs.gov/xlibrary/assets/small-vessel-security-strategy.pdf
Public Law 109347. (2006). The SAFE Port Act, 2006. Retrieved from http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/PLAW-109publ347/pdf/PLAW-109publ347.pdf