Post-traumatic Stress – Coursework Example
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Nursing work March 4, Post-traumatic stress disorder is an anxiety condition that arises from traumatic, terrifying or upsetting occurrences. Such occurrences include violence, bloodshed, natural disasters among many others. In the U.S., it has been reported that approximately 5 million individuals are affected by PTSD annually (Valente, 2010). It is also known that women are more likely to suffer from PTSD than men.
Factors for the Nurse to Assess When Dealing With a Female Refuge Who Is Exhibiting Flashbacks from Trauma
A female refugee is likely to experience trauma from sexual assault, violence, observing violent deaths, military struggle, forcible detention and migration, starvation, as well as being held hostage. Therefore, the nurse should find out the patient’s history and carry out a physical assessment to establish the duration and impact of the trauma. The nurse should assess psychosocial attributes such as despair, worry, and depression. A thorough neurobehavioral psychological status evaluation can help establish a baseline for treatment. The nurse should also assess the patient for ill-defined indicators of trauma such as gastric disturbances, headaches, pelvic pain, and sleeplessness.
Common Triggers of PTSD among Female Refugees
The triggers of PTSD among female refugees include seeing, smelling, hearing and feeling things that were part of the trauma. Such triggers include the sounds of gunshots and crying children.
How the Nurse Can Assist to Decrease the Effects of PTSD
The nurse can alleviate the effects of PTSD by encouraging the patient to participate in the therapeutic process, which can be achieved by familiarizing with techniques that soothe the mind and lessen worry, for example, rumination, yoga and self-hypnosis (Valente, 2010). The nurse can encourage the patient to live a healthy lifestyle by having adequate sleep, regular exercise, and healthy diets. The nurse can also ensure that the patient is settled in her new place by linking her up with support groups that help refugees to cope with their new status.
The nurse can involve the help of other healthcare professionals such as counsellors to help the patient come to terms with the events and cope accordingly. The help of a psychiatrist may be necessary to assess the extent of depression in the patient as well as preventing suicidal tendencies.
Valente, S. M. (2010). Mental Health: Evaluating and managing adult PTSD in primary care. The Nurse Practitioner, 35(11), 41-47.