Religion 2 – Coursework Example

Running Head: Religion 2 Religion 2: A Brief Study of Judaism and Christianity of This paper intends topresent a brief explanation of different branches or denominations of Judaism with specific concern of Orthdox, Reform, and Recontstructionist Judaism. It should be noted that only basic difference in beliefs is provided here. Then an effort is made to assume the probable reasons for the existence of various types of churches. The major impact of the ‘Gospel of Wealth’ on American economy is briefly analyzed and it has been differentiated from ‘The Social Gospel’.
A Brief Study of Judaism and Christianity
Orthodox Judaism
As stated by Bamberger (2009) under this branch the basic belief is that at Mount Sinai the entire ‘Torah’, both written and verbal, was revealed upon Moses by God. Moreover, it is comprised of 613 directives (mitzvoth) obligatory for the followers. A religious commandment ‘Halakhah’ is sternly followed by modern Orthodox Jews.
Reform Judaism
The basic difference in belief is the conviction that Torah was put into writing by humanistic means instead of God and was organized together afterwards. Though Reform Judaism is not in favor of the obligatory disposition of ‘Halakhah’, the group preserves a number of principles and morals of Judaism in addition to several customs and ethos. (Bamberger, 2009)
Reconstructionist Judaism
They have faith in Judaism as a ‘developing spiritual culture’. It seems to be much broadminded as compared with Reform Judaism. They have no belief in a single divine authority and that Jews were selected by God in history. (Bamberger, 2009)
Reasons for Different Orthodox Churches
Smart (2009) elucidates that there exist diverse divisions of Christianity as followers are human beings who possess varied modes of reverence towards the power they believe in and most probably Bible (The Holy book of Christianity) is differently interpreted by different people. However this distinction is in practice since very early stages of the development of Christianity. (Bamberger, 2009)
Impact of Gospel of Wealth on America
As stated by Garfinkle (2007) the Gospel of wealth has proposed very distinctive and exclusive monetary strategies to face the current challenges and meet the utmost requires of US economy. Such policies affect routine life of general people as they influence the manner prices and advantages of monetary life are circulated.
The Gospel of wealth is different from the ‘Social Gospel’ in the sense that it focuses more upon the economic aspects of human life rather than social norms and importance of moral and ethical aspects as emphasized in the ‘Social Gospel’ such as social discrimination, anguishing poverty and political distortion. (Lambert, 2008)
Bamberger, B. J. (2009). Judaism. Grolier Multimedia Encyclopedia. Retrieved April 7, 2009,
from Grolier Online
Garfinkle, N. (2007). “The American Dream vs. the Gospel of Wealth: The Fight for a
Productive Middle-Class Economy”. Yale University Press, p. 22
Lambert, Frank. (2008). “Religion in American Politics: A Short History”. Princeton University
Press, p. 74-76
Smart, N. (2009). Religion: Origins. Encyclopedia Americana. Retrieved April 7, 2009, from
Grolier Online