Robbery And Extortion – Coursework Example
Robbery and Extortion al Affiliation Robbery and extortion are serious crimes that are punishable by incarceration, restitution, fines or probation. In extortion, one party forces the other to give up money or property against his will by threat of reputation damage, violence, property damage or any other form of hardship. It involves the perpetrator gaining illegal consent from the victim to obtain his money or property. Robbery involves the actual or attempted acquisition of something of value from another person against his will by use of direct force, intimidation or threats of violence (Welch, 2012). The fact that robbery involves actual use of force on the victim renders it more harmful, especially so when the force used is brutal.
Robbery and extortion are similar in criminal intent. In both crimes, aim is to deprive the victim of his property or money permanently (Brookman, 2010). Therefore, the victim ends up losing in both offences. The differences arise from consideration of the nature of the criminal act and attendant circumstances. In extortion, the perpetrator takes money or property by threats of future harm to the victim that does not essentially have to be physical. Robbery utilizes imminent force. Unlike in robbery, there is consent from the victim in extortion. That approval is based on fear or intimidation (Wrage, 2007). There is no consent in robbery and the perpetrator gets his way through force. To a certain extent, extortion points to the culpability of the victim. He gives the consent by allowing be manipulation or blackmail. In robbery, the victim has no blame as long as the force used is enough to cause loss of money or property.
The point that the victim may have performed a wrong action does not take away the heinousness or the crimes or robbery of extortion. There are legal channels to follow in the event that there was aggravation of the perpetrator.
Brookman, F. (2010). Handbook on Crime. Cullompton: Willan.
Welch, C. (2012). Robbery. Sparkford: Haynes.
Wrage, A. (2007). Bribery and Extortion: Undermining Business, Governments, and Security. Westport: Praeger Security International.