Scoliosis – Coursework Example
Nurses’ Role in Meeting the Needs of Patients with Scoliosis Nursing care in scoliosis aims at promoting health by addressing the patients’ physical,emotional and spiritual needs. Depression related to body disfigurement commonly affects patients’ functioning levels and requires the nurse to provide psychological support. Counseling the patient increases the ability to cope and manages the pending situational crisis. The nurse should offer assistance to patients with physical immobility to enable them the meet needs related to activities of daily living (White, Duncan & Baumle, 2010). By educating the patient, the nurse is able to meet the educational needs of patients who have deficient knowledge on scoliosis.
Effect of Scoliosis on Family Dynamics
Scoliosis causes serious emotional stress especially in adolescents and younger children that affects whole family function. Patients with scoliosis require extensive rehabilitation, which is challenging for the family thereby leading to psychological dysfunction. Managing the physical complications of scoliosis can be serious ranging from muscle soreness to organ dysfunction, which poses financial burden and stress to the family.
Treatment Options Depending on the Degree of Spinal Curvature
Scoliosis treatment is not specific in some cases and may only involve observation in certain instances. The available treatment options include braces and various surgical procedures. Braces are frequently used in children with curvatures of 25-40 degrees who have significant body growth rate (Price & Gwin, 2007). Surgery is indicated for patients with untreated spinal curvatures over 50 degrees or when braces fail. However, adult scoliosis rarely goes beyond 40 degrees making surgery necessary if the patient experiences pain or has neurological problems.
Changes in Scoliosis Nursing Care for the Different Developmental Stages
Scoliosis measuring less than 20 degrees requires no treatment, but observation and spinal relaxation techniques. Adolescents between 15 and 17 years are skeletally mature and mostly present with 25-40o curve that requires conservative nursing care and reassurance because long-term complications are unlikely.
Price, D. L. & Gwin, J. F. (2007). Pediatric nursing: An introductory text. Amsterdam: Elsevier Health Sciences.
White, L., Duncan, G., Baumle, W. (2010). Foundations of nursing. Boston: Cengage Learning.