Special Populations Wk3 – Coursework Example
Mental illness Mental illness refers to a psychological which brings emotional or behavioral problems to someone. These problems require a psychiatric intervention. Mental illnesses are of various types. Common examples of mental illness are anxiety disorders, mood disorders, psychotic disorders, eating disorders, impulse control and addiction disorders, personality disorders sexual and gender disorders, somatoform disorders and tic disorders among others ( Buck, 2003).
Many public finance resources through organizations have emerged to fund individuals who have fallen victims of mental disorders. This is because a number of victims of mental disorders are not financially stable to pay for their medication, which is relatively expensive. For instance, MEDICAID is one of the public funding resources for behavioral disorders in both children and pregnant women. The eligibility of this funding aid is limited to children aged below 6 years, parents of dependent children, pregnant women, the elderly, and people with disabilities. Children aged between 6-18years, and pregnant women in families with an income below the FPL are also eligible to get this aid.
The MEDICAID caters for hospital and nursing home bills, Physician, immunization and laboratory services, and prescribed drugs. People who do not meet the eligibility of the MEDICAID may get funding’s from other sources. Other alternatives for funding sources of mental disorders are Shelter Plus Care - provides housing subsidies for people who are deemed literally homeless and suffer from a mental illness, The Harris County Hospital District (HCHD) for behavioral problems and Houston Police Department Crisis Intervention Teams (CIT) which trains people with mental disorders ( Buck, 2003).
Aron, L., Honberg, R., Duckworth, K., et. al. (2009). Grading the states, 2009: A report on America’s health care system for adults with serious mental illness, Arlington, VA: National Alliance on Mental Illness.
Buck, J.A. ( 2003). Medicaid, Health Care Financing Trends, and the Future of State-based Public Mental Health Services . Psychiatric Services, 54, 969-975.
Impact, (1975). Texas Department of Mental Health and Mental Retardation, Mental illness andmental retardation: The history of state care in Texas, V(2), p. 3.