State And Federal Court Systems – Coursework Example
and Federal Court Systems The USA operates under a dual court system which has two major court systems, the federal courts and the state courts. The two systems are similar since they operate under three levels that are trial, appeals and supreme (Walston-Dunham 39).
State and federal courts handle different types of cases. State courts handle criminal cases, family matters and contract cases. They are the final deciders of the laws of the state and the constitution. Federal courts hear cases such as state disputes, bankruptcy and general violation of the United States law (Walston-Dunham 36). The federal courts deal with the constitutionality of the law. They listen to cases involving ministers and ambassadors. The two court systems are similar since they operate under the guidance of the constitution.
Structural organization in the two types of courts is different. In state courts, any case is first heard in the trial courts whereby testimonials are listened to. After the hearing in trial courts, the case is then heard in appellate courts where matters of law are handled. The federal court starts their hearing in District courts that are equal to the trial courts in state courts. However, the district courts are differentiated depending on the nature of the case. The case is then heard in the US courts of appeal. Decisions at the US courts of appeal and appellate courts are final, and any appeals can only be heard at the United States Supreme court (Walston-Dunham 41).
The judges in federal court systems are selected by the president but must be affirmed by the senate. In the state court system, judges are selected through was such as elections, appointment for a limited time, appointment for life or a combination of the three methods.
From my research, I identified that the two court systems have many similarities and are bound to overlap in their duties. Their differences mainly fall on what they handle rather than how they handle it since they are all guided by the constitution. The system in both types of cases is bound to raise questions on the effectiveness of the judges selected. For example, the system where a judge is selected for life may destroy the court system if the judge is not effective.
Walston-Dunham, Beth. Introduction to Law. Clifton Park, NY: Delmar Cengage Learning, 2009. Print.