Unit 11 – Coursework Example
Marx was revolutionary thinker who developed radical political and economic theories. He was extremely critical of the industrialization of society. Marx argued that rapid industrialization led to the creation of a materialistic society where craftsmen and pride in ones craft was replaced with the disinterested factory worker. In earlier times a goods were produces and exchanged on the basis of need, but in capitalist society need has been replaced by greed. Mass production of products encouraged frivolous spending as goods were more easily and cheaply available. This in turn led to the creation of a viscous circle where people desired more and were pushed to earn more to fulfill that need. Now the land and factory owners required more resources to fulfill that demand and thus acquired the same that increased cost of living for the working class. This has made the laborer into a wage slave, so that they have to pay for their own livelihood out of their wages, to earn which they must work even harder.
Thus, workers are alienated in several distinct ways1) from their goods as being simple workers instead of craftsmen; 2) from the natural world out of which the raw material of these goods has been taken; 3) from their own effort, which becomes a reluctant necessity instead of a meaningful activity; and 4) from each other as the consumers of the complex products. Marx noted that circumstances in a capitalist society make it impossible for workers to live satisfactorily in relation to each other or to the products of their labor.
Over the past years the United States particularly merits Marxs condemnation for its aggravations of class differences. As the rich get richer and the poor poorer the ordinary worker suffers the most as the sacrificial lamb to the goddess of capitalism PROFIT.