Unit 9 – Coursework Example
David Hume David Hume is famous for his bold, intellectual approach towards the diverse philosophical s. Hume was extremely impressed of famous empiricists like John Locke and George Berkeley and intellectuals like Isaac Newton, Samuel Clarke and his teacher Francis Hutcheson. He denies a permanent self. When he searches for epistemology and metaphysics, he follows empiricistic approach. Whenever he concludes an argument, he gives a prime importance to the experiences. In his philosophical writings, he starts discussing many types of direct sensations. Then he inquires himself about the phenomenon which helps to detect the ideas. Finally it is checked that how an idea proves itself to be true. Hume argues an idea to be invalid and self imaginary if it is not constructed on direct sensation.
Usually in our daily life, we argue by means of two types of thoughts, which are 1- thoughts based on pure logic, and 2- based on experiences. He calls them “maters of fact”. Whenever arguments are quoted from the facts, the ideas of cause and effect are being used and during this, one is crossing the field of experience. Hume quotes the example of a watch to make understand the idea of cause and effect. If a person finds a watch on an island, he/she reasons at once that there had been a person on the island. Hume concludes that a person reaches to the idea of cause and effect from his/her experience. Hume explains how cause and effect is constantly connected in space and time. He exemplifies us the heat and flame, that flame always causes the heat. He further thinks philosophically and teaches us the “idea” that cause and effect are connected in an internal sensation of the mind, which can not be observed in the world. Hume views that his metaphysical theories are all arbitrary without any certainty. For example, one can never be sure that his future will be like his past. He/she can just believe it, and belief is not a conform knowledge. Hume’s idea of self resembles with that of “Buddha’s”. (Pitson, 2006)
Pitson, Tony. Hume’s Philosophy Of The Self. New York: Routledge, 2006. Print.