What Specific Political And Economic Factors Were Responsible For The Disengagement Of The North – Coursework Example
What specific political and economic factors were responsible for the disengagement of the North from the South as Reconstruction wore on? Ans. A range of economic and political factors caused disengagement between the Northerners and the Southerners as the Reconstruction wore on. Numerous railroad companies and banks had failed during the Panic of 1873. In the time of rising unemployment and bankruptcy, the Northerners found it hard to focus on the problems of the South, like restraining the Ku Klux Klan, equality of rights, and readmission of the former Confederate states. While one particular cause of the financial panic cannot be figured objectively, yet people generally held the president responsible for the economic turmoil. Republicans marked sudden death of the Reconstruction legislation by losing hold of the House of Representatives in the mid-term elections of 1874. On the political grounds, the difference of stance on the abolition of slavery became the main point of political crisis between the North and the South. While the Northerners were generally against slavery, Southerners wanted to expand the institution of slavery. Southern Democrats were not in favor of the Reconstruction from the very beginning and did not miss any opportunity to end it. The moderate positions of the presidents enabled former Confederates to regain their political offices locally. Using violence, Ku Klux Klan and other vigilant groups tried to intimidate the Southern scalawags, and deter the blacks from voting. Democrats passed the Jim Crow laws and Black Codes to redeem the South in an attempt to maintain white supremacy. Black Codes were intentionally formulated to restrain the activity of freed blacks, that served to enrage the Northerners. Many Congress members thus refused to seat the elected senators and congressmen from the South.