Wold Civilization – Coursework Example
The (English 1002) The (10 July World Civilization: Germany Around 1050 Germany was the most centralized and best-ruled territory in Europe, but by 1300 it became decentralized and lost its position as a powerful country. Why did this happen and whose fault was that?
Last monarch who managed to unite Germany and made it a “centralized feudal monarchy” (“The Middle Ages: Government In Germany And Italy”) was Frederick I Barbarossa. He did everything to save Germany, but it was very hard and political situation changed soon after his death. “The Holy Roman Empire never again achieved the brilliance it had enjoyed during the reign of Frederick Barbarossa (“The Middle Ages: Government In Germany And Italy”).” There were many reasons for such an outcome.
Firstly, economic development was different in different regions of the country. Germany did not have an economic centre. There were different rules for every state, different currency. It made domestic commerce difficult. Secondly, international relationships were complicated and unclear. Thirdly, and the most important, Monarchy was extremely weak and unable to unite the country. There were too many people who wanted the power. They gathered in groups and fought for their political interests. The Church has a great influence, too. They supported the idea of elective monarchs, who did not rule the country effectively. Increase in population was fast, cities became congested and poor. In addition, in 1300 Europe faced the threat of hunger. It made relations with neighboring states even worse.
In conclusion, it should be said that Germany did lose its unity, but it did not lose it because of nothing. There were serious political, economical, and international reasons.
“The Middle Ages: Government In Germany And Italy.” World History Center. n.p. Web.