1)As Discussed By Kottak, Human Ancestors Did Not Begin To Act Differently From Their Primate – Essay Example
[Due Anthropology Evidence of behavioral modernity can be simply described in terms of the behavioral Bs. these are blades, bone tool making, beads, beauty, and burials (Sterelny 12). However, for more clarity and conciseness it is better to go into the specific evidences that can be found within some of the Bs. These include:
Music and game playing
The organized use of pigment (e.g. ochre) and jewelry for self-ornamentation or decoration
Long-distance (barter) trade among groups
The cooking and seasoning of food, which replaced raw consumption
Figurative art (e.g. figurines, cave paintings, and petroglyphs)
The evidence listed above is, currently, the clearest indication of behavioral modernity. It shows that the process of evolution was more than just physiological change in the human makeup (Sterelny 21). The transition from consumption of raw food to cooking and seasoning is particularly telling, and shows that mankind indeed went through major changes in behavior and pattern. Music and game playing shows that changes occurred in terms of cognitive abilities and perception, because such behaviors have been found to have been absent in the life of earliest species of hominin (Sterelny 29). This shows progression in terms of development of art and sensory awareness. Other elements like burial and the organized use of pigment (e.g. ochre) and jewelry for self-ornamentation or decoration are evidence of development in emotion and self-esteem.
In summary, the evidence discussed here backs the theories behind behavioral modernity. With this evidence there is no doubt that major developments occurred in the progression of the human species, and that behavioral modernity is a logical concept.
Sterelny, Kim. The evolved apprentice: how evolution made humans unique. Cambridge, Mass.: The MIT
Press, 2012. Print.