Incorporating Two Named Examples, Discuss Recent Issues In Bacterial Sexually Transmitted Human – Essay Example

Bacterial pathogens that are transmitted via sexual contact can lead to sexually transmitted diseases. Bacterial sexually transmitted diseases provide for the most common cause of sexually transmitted diseases each year. They are treatable by antibiotics. The bacterial sexually transmitted diseases include gonorrhea, syphilis and Chlamydia. This paper will focus upon gonorrhea and Chlamydia, which are the most recent, and common bacterial sexually transmitted diseases that account for a huge number of cases every year.
Chlamydia trachomatis is a bacterial pathogen, which is not easily gram stained and is an obligate intracellular bacterium. It is the most common sexually transmitted disease all around the world. In the year 2005, 976,445 cases infected with this disease were reported in the United States. This disease can only cause infection in humans. The bacterium has been reported to have more than 15 immunologic types. It grows only within the cells of the human body because it does have the capability of producing sufficient energy for it self. It exists outside the cell as an inactive elementary body. When it enters the cell, it undergoes division. As soon as it enters the cell, it is converted into a reticulate body. By the process of binary fusion many daughter reticulate bodies are formed which then develop into elementary bodies. They hence turn into an intra cytoplasmic inclusion. At this stage, the replication ceases and the elementary bodies are released out of the host cells. These elementary bodies are t5he source of infection. This disease can be transmitted from sexual contact. A person who is suffering from genital tract infections which does not present with any symptoms can also transmit this infection to others on sexual contact. Chlamydia can lead to trachoma, which can then ultimately lead to blindness.