See Instructions CJ240 – Essay Example
CJ240 The Uniform Control Substances Act is an act drafted to eliminate disparity between federal laws and laws regarding illegal controlled substances. It has been designed to allow the government at each level to have accurate guidelines and abilities to control the drug abuse problem. Illegal drugs are placed in one of five schedules, allowing courts to follow sentencing guidelines. It actually defines the activities considered illegal but State’s are still able to use their own guidelines in deciding punishment.
Schedule I drugs have no known medical use, high potential for abuse, and lacks accepted safety for use under medical conditions. This class includes synthetic opium, heroin, MDMA, MDEA, MDA, LSD, marijuana, and peyote.
Schedule II drugs have high abuse potential, have accepted medical use with or without restrictions and that the abuse of the substance may lead to physical or psychological dependence. Examples are morphine and opium, amphetamines, methamphetamines, cocaine, pentobarbital, and brand names of morphine and opium drugs such as Demerol, oxycontin, dilaudid and methadone.
Schedule III drugs have abuse potential less than schedule I and II, have accepted medical use in the United States and abuse may lead to low or moderate physical dependence and high psychological dependence. Schedule III drugs include combination type drugs containing 15 mg hydrocodone each unit, such as vicodin, and products such as Tylenol 3 which do not contain more than 90 mg codeine. Ketamine and anabolic steroids are also schedule III.
Schedule IV drugs have a low potential for abuse in relation to schedule III, have accepted medical use and abuse may lead to limited physical or psychological dependence relevant to schedule III. Xanax, klonopin, Ativan, halcium and Darvocet are schedule IV drugs.
Schedule V have an even lower potential for abuse in relation to schedule IV, has accepted medical use and use may lead to a low level of physical and psychological dependence in relation to schedule IV. (Uniform)
2. A profile is a collected set of facts, known conditions and observable behaviors indicating an individual may be up to criminal activities. It becomes racial profiling when these known sets of facts or observable behaviors are attributed to an entire race. It is also the practice of singling out members racial or ethnic groups. The attention called to the nation’s number one civil priority has only contributed to the perception of racial profiling. It contributes to minority cynicism and general mistrust of the justice system causing individuals to have negative attitudes. Negative attitudes mean that people are less likely to cooperate, and may respond inappropriately to law enforcement out of mistrust or fear.
Some members of law enforcement may react to minorities with a higher degree of force, imagining that minorities are more likely to behave in an inappropriate way. Without consequence this can lead to rioting, looting and scenes with the general public (Racial Profiling).
3. Crime mapping uses mapping systems to identify where groups or clusters of criminal activity are and present this to the public. It works by assisting police officers to reduce crime through better citizenry. Law enforcement inputs data into a system which provides all of the mapping information which is then passed on to a community, the community is then more active in preventing those activities associated with their neighborhoods and are likely to be more vigilant, sometimes forming neighborhood watch groups and community action groups.
UNIFORM CONTROLLED SUBSTANCES ACT (1994). (n.d.). Retrieved December 12, 2011, from http://www.law.upenn.edu/bll/archives/ulc/fnact99/1990s/ucsa94.pdf
Racial Profiling Data Collection Resource Center at Northeastern University. (n.d.). Retrieved December 12, 2011, from http://www.racialprofilinganalysis.neu.edu/