Teenage Pregnancy – Essay Example
Teenage pregnancy is a widely controversial issue in the United States. Teenage mothers account for about eleven percent of all births in the US (Lowen). There are many ways in which getting pregnant at a young age hinders that individual’s likelihood of attending college or making a sufficient income in the future. If a teenager becomes pregnant, then their pregnancy will have a significant negative impact on their future. A teenager has a few options as to what to do in the event of pregnancy, one of them being abortion. In a survey I conducted of 20 females between the age of 16 and 25, seventy percent of them thought that abortion is an acceptable response to teenage pregnancy. However, in reality, about 45 percent of teenage pregnancies end in abortion(Teen Abortions). As defined by Dictionary.com, abortion is defined as “the removal of an embryo or fetus from the uterus in order to end a pregnancy.” Although abortion is also a controversial topic, the choice to endure one can change an individual’s life. It can undo the negative results of pregnancy, making it possible once more for potential teenage parents to get back to their normal lives.
According to statistics from the Center of Disease Control, “since 1973, roughly 50 million legal induced abortions have been performed in the United States.” To many churchgoing people though, abortion would be considered an act of deviance, attaching a certain stigma to that person’s image. Although an abortion may be necessary, it can still alter that girl’s mindset and attitude for her whole life. Some teenagers might use pregnancy as a type of rebellion. For those cases, the teenage mothers would most likely want to keep the child, and raise it as their own. About one third of the teenagers that get pregnant in the United States actually keep the baby (Pregnant Teen Help). Keeping a child while a girl is a teenager can destroy her life. According to my survey, over half of my selected participants agreed that teenage mothers lose both their chance to have fun while they’re young and the opportunity to obtain a quality education. Most of these individuals are unmarried due to their young age, and are left to raise a child without any contributions from the father. Due to this, they are unable to attend college and must go straight to work to support their child.
One way teenage parents can socialize without being degraded by others is with other teenage parents, which is one of their in groups. Bonding with others in similar situations is a good way to socialize with others, and to feel better about harsh situations others may not understand. The last option teenage parents have is adoption. Since a negative stigma is attached to teenage parents, it often leads to degradation of that individual. Selecting a new home for a newborn is often a preferred option for those who are unable to give it a loving home, or unwilling to do otherwise. Adoption is a way for connections to form between those that want kids and are unable to have their own and those who have unintended kids which they are unable to provide for. Adoption is an extremely admirable thing for those parents who give up their children. The teenage mother and her significant others will have the ability to grow closer through her struggle. Teenage pregnancy can also have a serious negative outcome on the grandparents of the child.
They had just gone through raising a child not long ago, and they are often asked for support, whether it is monetary help, day care services, or other. Having a child at too young of an age takes a toll on people other than the actual mother as well. It can ruin relationships between the parents, grandparents, and anybody else placed in the situation. From the symbolic interactionist’s perspective, a teenager could get pregnant for several reasons. One of those reasons might be a cry for help, or an internal desire for more attention from those around her. By doing so, she attracts the worry from others, and they might offer to help her with any struggles related to the pregnancy. Attention will also come once the baby is born, everyone around her will want to see it. Teenage pregnancy can cause several problems at home as well. “If you are… over the age of eighteen, you are mentally more equipped to handle this situation than a young woman under the age of eighteen who is living at home with her parents”(Williams-Wheeler).
Being under the age of eighteen is a serious disadvantage for those looking to give birth, whether it is intended or unintended. Most jobs require that workers be over the age of eighteen. When a teenager has a child, they will need a way to not only support their needs, but now also their child’s needs. Being unable to find a job at the time most crucial to their lives leads to fewer opportunities down the road in the future. These are similar situations to those that enable an individual to only work at low-paying jobs for their entire careers, putting them in an even worse situation than they were in before, unable to properly support their children, resulting in nonstop strain on the nuclear family.
Teenage pregnancy is a vicious cycle, those born as a result of it are much more likely to end up doing it themselves. These are often the individuals who see nothing wrong with it, and do not warn their own children of the dangers imposed by getting pregnant at a young age. It is important for those who went through it to share their tales, especially those of struggle, with their own children to prevent future cases.
Those who become pregnant in their teenage years are the most likely to become boomerang children, returning home after being unable to survive on their own. This is often a result of the issue listed above – the inability to obtain a well-paying higher-level job or having a support system.
Teenage pregnancy is a very serious issue in the United States. Many preventative measures are being taken to lower the numbers of teen births. Birth rates (for teens) are much lower than they have been in the past, but still are not considered low enough. Sexual education classes are now mandatory in most high schools to be taken freshman year, explaining all the horrors that come with teenage pregnancy. Parents are also encouraged to talk to their children about making sure pregnancy does not occur until it is well-intended and at an appropriate age.
Getting pregnant while being a teenager will have many negative impacts on that person’s life, ranging from money problems to family issues to social status issues. There are little if any positive benefits of getting pregnant during one’s teenage years as opposed to waiting for a more appropriate time to come. Teenagers are much more likely to change their minds about who they would like a child with, or even having a child at all. Therefore, if a teenager becomes pregnant, then their pregnancy will have a significant negative impact on their future. Getting pregnant before one is ready can ruin their life.
Teenage pregnancy is a social problem that affects the entire community. It is important to examine the causes of this problem, the effects the problem has on our society and the individual, and some of the possible ways of combating this problem. In every city in the United States teenage girls and boys face premature parenthood. If they chose to accept the responsibility of their actions and not opt for either abortion or adoption, they have to grow up quickly in order to face many harsh realities–these can include early marriage, health risks, interrupted education, lack of employment skills, and, usually, inevitable poverty. Teenage parents are very likely to become dependent on either their families for financial help or the welfare system, and to remain dependent for many years. The emotional devastation on these young people can lead to life-long scars.
Teen pregnancy is a problem that not only affects individuals, but society as a whole. It is important to understand the psychological effects of becoming pregnant at such a young age. The teenage years are acknowledged to already produce emotional turmoil in adolescents; it is therefore difficult to imagine the added stress of an unplanned and often unwanted pregnancy. Just as there are many physical changes during pregnancy, there are also many psychological changes as well. Depression and denial are the first emotional state that most pregnant girls experience. Many initially refuse to accept the reality of the situation, or are overwhelmed by the enormous decision of whether to terminate the pregnancy, keep the child, or give it up for adoption after it is born. Panic and desperation can become all-consuming at this point and some teens may try to terminate their own pregnancy or even to inflict harm on themselves. There are thousands of pregnant teens who commit, or attempt to commit, suicide every year. Although this statistic is appalling, it is an example of the rollercoaster of emotions related to pregnancy.
Birth rates for United States teenagers age 15-19 declined steadily throughout the 1990s, falling from 62.1 births per 1000 teens in 1990 “to 43 in 2002, a reduction of 28%” (“U.S. Birth Rate Reaches Record Low” 2003). The decline in the birth rate for younger teens has dropped 38% from 1990 to 2002. “The reduction in teen pregnancy has clearly been one of the most important health success stories of the past decade,” said Health and Human Services Secretary Tommy G. Thompson. “The fact that this decline in teen births is continuing represents a significant accomplishment” (www.cdc.gov, 2003). Although the rate of teenage pregnancy in the United States has declined greatly within the last decade, it is still an enormous problem that should be addressed. The rate is still twice as high as in other industrialized countries, and school administrators still rank it as one of their ten top problems.
Teenage pregnancy is not something that has recently developed. It has always been present, but it is only in the last three decades that we have noticed its growth and severe impact on many aspects of society. Prior to this it was shrouded in secrecy and shame. My mother was an unwed teenage mother in 1945 and she vividly recalled having to hide her condition for as long as was possible and checking herself into a home for unwed mothers when it was no longer possible. In those days it was socially unacceptable for a girl to be pregnant outside of marriage. Young girls refrained from sex out of fear of pregnancy and being socially ostracized.
Among those who did break the rules, hurried marriages–often called “shotgun weddings”– were frequently the norm. A young man had to compete for a girl’s affections by at least promising marriage. The sexual revolution of the late 1960s and early 70s changed all that. Sex is no longer seen as a sacred act reserved only for married couples. It is treated casually and lightly and for many is seen as a natural part of the dating process. Contraception and abortion have become much more available, while values in general have hit an all time low. Virginity, once so highly regarded, is fast becoming a rare commodity.
Rates of sexual initiation among adolescents began to rise dramatically in the 1970s with higher percentages of teenagers experiencing sex at younger and younger ages. “55% of U.S. teenagers have participated in sexual activity by the time they are 17, along with 25% of 15 year olds” (Singh 1999 ). Adolescents growing up in this changed environment face a greater challenge than those growing up in the more conservative past
The social change that led to this attitude reversal is not only based on a change in sexual behaviors, but on a change in the very nature of adolescence. The sequence of events that lead from adolescence to adulthood have become longer and more complex. There is an enormous gap between the time a girl begins menstruation and the time she marries. Statistics on marriage show that the average age for a woman to enter into her first marriage is now 25.3 (“Median Age at First Marriage” 2002), while the average age for the onset of menstruation is 12.2. This is an enormous gap of thirteen years. It stands to reason that if girls are capable of having children at a younger age, they are also experiencing sexual feelings at a younger age than did their mothers and grandmothers.
Why then do so many teenagers who are sexually active ignore the issue of birth control? The truth is that many do not. If teens had not increased their use of contraception in recent years, teen pregnancy rates would not have declined. Yet it is still not as prevalent as it should be. Although teens are using contraception much more frequently than they did 15 or 20 years ago and their preferred method–condoms–is widely available in stores, they do not use it consistently. For many there is still the stigma of embarrassment attached to the process of purchasing condoms or going to a doctor to obtain oral contraceptives.
There are those who may be unable to afford to have a prescription filled. Others may believe that if you plan ahead, you have already made the decision to have sex and are diminishing the romance or spontaneity of the experience. Pregnant teens often delude themselves into thinking that if they are swept away by passion, then they aren’t really to blame; it’s simply an accident. A costly accident. “In the United States, the annual cost of teen pregnancies from lost tax revenues, public assistance, child health care, foster care, and involvement with the criminal justice system is estimated to be about $7 billion” (“Teen Pregnancy 2003)
The fact remains that unplanned pregnancies can create health risks for both mother and baby. “Teens too often have poor eating habits, neglect to take a daily multivitamin, and may smoke, drink alcohol and take drugs, increasing the risk that their babies will be born with health problems. Studies show that teens are less likely than older women to gain an adequate amount of weight during pregnancy (25 to 35 pounds is recommended). Low weight gain increases the risk of having a low-birthweight baby” (Berenson, A., 1997). Low birth weight babies can be mentally retarded, have organs that are not fully developed, which can result in complications such as bleeding in the brain, respiratory distress syndrome, and intestinal problems.
There is also a risk of dying in early infancy that is much higher than normal weight babies. A teenage mother is more at risk of pregnancy complications such as premature or prolonged labor, anemia and high blood pressure. These risks are even greater for teens that are less than 15 years old. Pregnant teens are least likely of all maternal age groups to get early and regular prenatal care. If a girl is embarrassed to be seen at a clinic or worried about a lack of confidentiality, she may not seek care, putting herself and her baby at risk
Sexually transmitted diseases are another pregnancy risk factor. Three million teens are affected by STDs each year, out of 12 million cases reported. These include chlamydia (which can cause sterility), syphilis (which can lead to blindness, death, and death to the infant) and AIDS, which is fatal to the mother and can infect the unborn infant.
How to prevent teen pregnancy from occurring has been a question for more than thirty years. Preventing teenagers from having unplanned pregnancies is an important goal that has been pursued since the 1970s when births to teenagers were first diagnosed as a major social problem. More and more, local, state and national efforts are focusing on the prevention of underage pregnancy, with the emphasis on sex education and family planning services. The truth of the matter is that sex education, though available in these enlightened times, is often too little and too late to have much of an impact. Many girls have absolutely no contact with family planning services until they are already pregnant. In an age when sex seems to be the most openly discussed topic in the media as well as in ordinary people’s daily lives, parents still struggle with what and how much to tell their children. Many avoid the issue altogether by leaving it in the hands of the educational system. When it comes to deciding how to approach the topic in schools, however, the subject is a potential battleground of different approaches and viewpoints.
Getting a great deal of media attention in recent years has been the “abstinence-only” programs, endorsed by President Bush. “Congress spent $100 million in 2001 for abstinence sex education programs…Bush has said that funding should match what the federal government spends on dispensing contraceptives to teenagers at public health clinics, about $135 million a year” ((Brogan 2002). Abstinence-only programs teach that premarital sex is wrong no matter what the circumstances, and, in order not to present a mixed message, offer no information concerning contraception. Supporters of this method see the declining birth rates as proof that the abstinence programs are working, and refute the “widely accepted claims that the decrease in pregnancy is primarily due to the increased use of contraception” (Pardue 2002).
On the flip-side is what is known as comprehensive sex education. This method approaches sex education as something every teen needs to know, teaching “practical information about sex. Generally this focuses on how contraceptives work, where to get them, and why they are important” (Coeyman, 2003).
Abstinence-only supporters believe that comprehensive sex education encourages promiscuity, though there is no actual data to support such a theory. Those that favor comprehensive sex education believe that in not supplying teens with basic information about contraception, the risk of teenage pregnancy will inevitably increase. The two sides can find only one thing to agree on–that teenage pregnancy must be prevented. A middle ground needs to be reached.
Our educational system is faced with an enormous challenge in helping young people who are the future of our society. They must be guided safely through adolescence, probably the toughest, most emotionally traumatic age of all. Parents want their children to know how to make healthy, responsible choices about sexual issues but don’t feel comfortable answering their children’s questions. Most parents want their children to learn about sex where they learn about everything else–in school, where their questions can be answered correctly. Schools nationwide should include a course in sex education as part of their regular curriculum, including schools in rural areas which may not have available social services. Parents should do their part by providing more psychological support. Sex education programs should try to learn what facts young people already know about sex, and then add to the existing knowledge by correcting the many misconceptions they will undoubtedly have. There should be more interaction in the classroom, with students genuinely encouraged to ask questions.
More discussion into the topics of love, values, and future ambitions that could be derailed by a wrong decision made now–not just the basic biological mechanics of sexual intercourse or “No, it’s wrong” morals–but to understand what truly is involved in having a physical relationship with someone. Adolescents need to know what kind of relationships there are, about love and commitment, marriage and partnership, laws relating to sexual behavior and relationships, as well as the whole range of religious and cultural views on sexuality. The issue of self-esteem should also be delved into. Many adolescents become involved in sex–and sometimes promiscuity–simply because of low self- esteem, and the feeling of empowerment or liberation from parental authority that sex gives them. This is sensitive territory, one that should ideally be handled at home by parents, but in the majority of homes this is not going to happen.
Therefore, it must be tackled within the educational system, and by teachers who are comfortable with the subject and not easily embarrassed. In addition, young people should be provided with information about the various methods of contraception, abortion and adoption, as well as sources of advice and support available in their community. It is often just as difficult for teens to communicate with their parents on the subject of sex as it is for parents to talk freely on the subject. Therefore, this writer would also include a regular parental involvement group, held in the evening, where parents and teens could have real, meaningful discussions about sex, contraception, pregnancy, etc. This might make it easier to establish an open dialogue at home. It would take only a slight modification of the sex education programs already in place to implement such a proposal. Abstinence prior to marriage should, of course, be stressed as the best option, but not at the expense of ignoring human nature or practical information about contraception.
As remedies to this age old problem are examined and discussed, it becomes more and more evident that we, supposedly one of the most advanced countries on the planet, have to be more zealous in reducing the number of teenage girls who become pregnant each year. Although methods have improved greatly over the past three decades, girls are still not receiving all the support that they could in avoiding unwanted pregnancies. Early in 2003, the U.S. Senate rejected a bill that would have required insurance companies to cover birth control (Holland 2003). Currently, only a third of all insurance companies offer this type of coverage, yet most cover Viagra, the popular male potency drug.
This perpetuates the double standard that the sexual needs of men are more important than female reproductive freedoms. We need to concentrate our energies on preventing the preventable. Three quarters of all teen pregnancies are unwanted. If we made girls (and boys) consistently aware of how to prevent pregnancy, we would continue to lower the teenage pregnancy rate. Better education would also make those teens who do become parents better able to cope with the situation. Teen pregnancy should be treated as a disease that must be treated with education and improved knowledge. The consequences of teen pregnancy on our society are far too important to ignore.
In today’s society teens are faced with many pressures. The effect of these pressures put on them is the inability to make right decisions when it comes to certain situations. One of these most common situations teens find themselves in is becoming a parent at a young age, a result of pressure from peers. I’m Melle, and I’m Maxine and were going to talk about one of the problems of the youth—teenage pregnancy. It isn’t shocking to see a high school student pregnant these days. Teenage pregnancy now has become a trend. Many teenagers don’t know how big their responsibility is to raise another human being when they themselves still need some growing up to do.
The National Youth Commission, supported by the Department of Health and the World Health Organization, convened the 2014 National Summit on Teen Pregnancy last April 24. This summit, which saw the active participation of adolescent youth, delivered a clear message: Adolescent sexual and reproductive health (ASRH), or the lack thereof, is fast becoming the defining issue of this generation of young Filipinos. Without a robust response from all stakeholders, the Philippines is on track toward a full-blown, national teenage pregnancy crisis.
Staggering facts support this call for concern. Recent (2014) data from the Philippine Statistical Authority (PSA) reveal that every hour, 24 babies are delivered by teenage mothers. According to the 2014 Young Adult Fertility and Sexuality (YAFS) study, around 14 percent of Filipino girls aged 15 to 19 are either pregnant for the first time or are already mothers—more than twice the rate recorded in 2002. Among six major economies in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations, the Philippines has the highest rate of teenage pregnancies and is the only country where the rate is increasing, per the United Nations Population Fund.
Teenage Pregnancy is one of the most alarming issues in our world today. Many teenagers engage themselves in sexual intercourse with their partners just to be “in” with their friends. Surprisingly, some countries even celebrate early teenage pregnancy, as it is a clear sign of fertility. But moderately, a teenage girl being pregnant before adulthood is critically looked down upon with shame. In 2009, around 410,000 teenage girls, ages 15 to 19, gave birth in the United States, and shockingly, that’s a 37 percent decrease from the teen birth rate in1991. Basically, teenage pregnancy occurs due to the following reasons: general rebelliousness, peer pressure, and lack of self-esteem.
First, there is the rebelliousness of parents and of rules of adults. During the teenage stage there is a burst of sudden and unknown emotions. Teens feel a natural sense of rebelling against the set norms and rules. Coupled with a sudden sense of fresh-found liberation and sexuality, results in giving vent to their feelings through sexual experiences.
Second, peer pressure is an early stage of pregnancies. This pressure causes sexual intimacy for the opposite sex. If a child hangs out with a group who is sexually active, then nine out of ten that child is sexually active too. Most teenagers opt to have sexual intercourse because they need to achieve the acceptance given by the “circle of friends”. The only way to be accepted is to have relationship with the opposite sex and have sexual relations. In some countries, teenagers face too much peer pressure to start having sex at a very young adolescent age. This kind of behavior may lead to unwanted teenage pregnancies. Lastly, the lack of self-esteem is an effect of teenage pregnancy. Many teenage girls feel that pregnancy is the only alternative to feeling powerless and unimportant.
It isn’t shocking to see a high school student pregnant these days. Teenage pregnancy now has become a trend. Many teenagers don’t know how big their responsibility is to raise another human being when they themselves still need some growing up to do.
The Positive Effects of Teenage Pregnancy and its Prevention
Not every teen pregnancy is unpleasant and regretful. According to a story by a teen mother name Mag, in “Who Would Have Believed” says that her life style change dramatically after she discovered that she was pregnant. Before that, she was a “rebel”, going out drinking, making her parents mad, and just like many other teens, she was hard to control at the age of fourteen. While dating, Mag became pregnant at the age of fifteen. Discovered the shocking new, Mag stopped drinking, became very responsible by taking good care of her unborn child and when her child came into the world, Mag was always there for her son. After the birth of her son, Mag continued her schooling and graduated from high school. With the support of her boyfriend, they were quiet financial stable. Mag went on working a part time job and enrolled in a two years college. Six years later, Mag became a mature lady finished her two years college and now enrolling in a university seeking for a career. Now at the age of twenty, Mag won her parent’s respect by her accomplishments and responsibilities (
Great number of teen parents agreed that bearing a child teaches them great responsibilities. Responsibilities here are not changing diapers or changing the baby’s clothes but keeping the child healthy and provide the special needs for the child. Teen parents also agreed that bearing a child provide them higher self esteem, give them more confidence in decision making, reaches maturity at a higher level and a very challenging life. These positive confidences added up to total out the stressful, emotionally, and physically exhausting time that they experienced. If Mag did not bear that child, she would still be out drinking and still live the life that she had always lived. Having that child was the way out of the long dark road that was waiting for her.
With the escalating number of teen pregnancy in the United States, many prevention programs such as, “Project Taking Charge”, “Girls Incorporated Preventing Adolescent Pregnancy Program, “Just Say No”, and many more are working together to reduce the number of teen pregnancy (Monahan, 4). The main goals on these programs are to decrease sexual activity, increase the use of contraceptives, lowering the premarital pregnancy, improving health outcomes at birth of the child, and increasing high school completion rates among teenage parents (Monahan, 3). These programs use different techniques such as working in small group discussions, community service, sex education, workshops, communication and many more. These techniques were designed to improve self-esteem, reduce peer pressure, and teach the value that sex should be confined to marriage (Monahan, 4). As the result of the programs, 15% of teen pregnancy was declining.
Researchers believed that “abstinence teaches students the fundamental life lessons of self – control, self – discipline, and delay of self – gratification, which can help reduce the number of teens pregnancies” (Ed. Auriana Ojeda, 113). Also, traditional sex education help reduced the number of teenage pregnancy (Ed. Auurianan Ojeda, 134).
Another major teenage pregnancy fighter is Joycelyn Elbers, a surgeons general whom used to work under President Clinton. During one interview, Elber says, “sex is good, sex in wonderful. It’s a normal part and healthy part of our being, whether it is homosexual or heterosexual” (Neff, 1). But worried about the number of teenage child bearing, Elbers came up of an idea to lower the number of teenage child bearing and address the public in an AIDS conference by stating, “masturbation was a part of human sexuality, and it’s part of something that perhaps should be taught” (Neff, 1). Did not get a chance to put her idea into teaching, Elbers was asked to resign by president Clinton after her speech. Overall, studies show that the number of teenage pregnancy in the United States have been declining, yet it remains the highest number in the world.
Teenage Birth Control
Teenage stage a very crucial period in life of an individual especial the girls, and unless sexual related issues are discussed with the teenagers, there might be a great problem. The issue nowadays is not only informing them that one can get pregnant if one engages herself into sex, but there is also an alarm of the deadly Virus of AIDS that do not have a cure.
Discussing about birth control to the girl child is a very important issue that can turn the life of that child but many believe that it will also expose the girl to promiscuous life.
Although birth control for sexually active teenagers may be looked upon as promoting promiscuity, statistics show a decline in pregnancy rates due to increased use of contraceptives. The abortion rates also have declined which is reflective of the pregnancy rates.
Indeed promiscuous life is promoted when we discuss about birth control with the girl child since that is all they worry about when engaging into sex. Many do not know there are dangers of STDs which are more serious than the pregnancy itself. While we engages the conversation of birth control with our teenage child, we should also not forget to mention the issue of STDs more so AIDS virus which has continued to cause death to many people in the world.
Let’s take for example, you fail to advice your teenage daughter on the issue of birth control in fear that you might expose her into promiscuous life, but unfortunately, the same daughter becomes pregnant. For one, that girl will put you into shame, drop out of school and then there are dangers that she might have been exposed to STDs for practicing unsafe sex. You will be left with the problem of looking after your own daughter and her child. This will drastically increase the size of your family that you had not anticipated for meaning extra family expenses. The same daughter will blame you for not advising her on the issue of birth control which would have avoided the giving of birth at this early age.
I have a personal experience of this issue of not discussing about birth control with a teenage girl and later on, the girl became pregnant. My own cousin became pregnant at the age of 15 years and according to her, she had no idea that she would have avoided the pregnancy by taking the necessary birth control measures. Surprisingly, her mother is a nurse and being in a medical profession, she should have discussed about birth control measure with her daughter. This would have avoided the trauma the girl was undergoing through when she became pregnant and she would have also avoided the shame the girl child has put her into.
According to my own experience also, many have argued that since there is an option of abortion, it is better not to discuss about birth control with the teenage girl child whom we might expose to promiscuous life. This is not a logical argument since even if the girl might abort; abortion is unethical since its killing of unborn child. The mother of the child undergoes a traumatized life after aborting which has an impact of his psychological life; where else this would have been avoided by discussing the issue of birth control with the child. Abortion on the other had endanger the life of the girl since it can lead to death or even destroy the uterus meaning that girl will not bear any other child throughout her life. 
At time, we are torn on the way forward especially when a husband and a wife are torn between discussing the issue of birth control with the girl child. The wife is for discussing the issue of birth control with her teenage daughter while on the other hand, the husband is for not discussing the issue since they would expose their daughter to promiscuous life.
Take for example a scenario whereby I as a mother have a teenage girl whom I learn that she is sexual active. I want to discuss the about the issue of birth control with my teenage daughter, but my husband whom I am divorced from is against it since we might expose the girl to promiscuous life. Yes, I agree we might expose our girl to promiscuous life since she will reckless since she knows she has protected herself against pregnancy. On the other hand, we must look on the issue of the impact that pregnancy will have on the teenage girl.
As a mother, I will be in more problems if my teenage daughter becomes pregnant. For one, being a single mother, I will be left with the burden of looking after my own daughter and my grandchild.
We believe that a conscious girl will not be exposed to promiscuous life just because she is aware of how to avoid pregnancy. We should continue discussing about birth control with our teenagers to avoid pregnancies at this early age. The issue of exposing our teenager into promiscuous life should not be a hindrance since we will save our teenage girls from traumatized life they would undergo if they became pregnant. 
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