Therapeutic Methods In Psychology 7 – Term Paper Example

Running Head: THERAPEUTIC METHODS Therapeutic Methods in Psychology Full School This paper focuses on the discussion of six major forms or categories of therapeutic methods in Psychology namely: psychoanalytic, humanistic, behavior, cognitive, group, and biological therapies. It briefly discusses the goal of each major therapy and provides brief description of the subcategories of implementing each therapy in order to give readers the idea of the therapies’ distinctive approach and methods of implementation.
Therapeutic Methods in Psychology
Introduction
There are six major forms of psychotherapies based on different theories of human nature: psychoanalytic, humanistic, behavior, cognitive, group, and biological therapies. Psychoanalytic therapy is Sigmund Freud’s theory of personality development: a philosophy of human nature which is a method of psychotherapy where it focuses on unconscious factors that motivate behavior. Attention is given to the events of the first 6 years of life as determinants of the later development of personality (Corey, 2001, p. 8). Humanistic therapy aims to boost self-fulfillment by helping people grow in self-awareness and self-acceptance. One form of humanistic therapy is the person-centered therapy founded by Carl Rogers. In this way, therapist listens to the need of the patient, in an accepting and non-judgmental way, addressing problems in a productive way and building his or her self-esteem (Wood et. al., 2010, p. 29). Behavior therapy is the one that applies learning principles to the elimination of unwanted behaviors. Cognitive therapy teaches the people adaptive ways of thinking and acting based on the assumption that thoughts intervene between events and our emotional reactions. Group therapy normally consists of 6-10 people attending a 90-minute session that can help more people and costs less. Clients benefit from knowing others have similar problems. This therapy provides client a sense of belongingness and the opportunity to express feelings, to gain feedback from other group members, and to give and receive emotional support. Biological therapies include physical, medicinal, and other forms of biological therapies such as drug therapy-the prescription of appropriate drugs to treat psychological disorders, electroconvulsive therapy – or electroshock psychiatric treatment induced to anesthetized patient/s, and psychosurgery – the surgery used to treat patients with severe psychological or behavioral disorder (Wood et al., 2010, p. 29).
Conclusion
The six major forms of therapeutic methods in Psychology are psychoanalytic, humanistic, behavior, cognitive, group, and biological therapies. Psychoanalytic therapy is a method of psychotherapy where it focuses on unconscious factors that motivate behavior. Humanistic therapy aims to boost self-fulfillment by helping people grow in self-awareness and self-acceptance. Behavior therapy is the one that applies learning principles to the elimination of unwanted behaviors. Cognitive therapy teaches the people adaptive ways of thinking and acting based on the assumption that thoughts intervene between events and our emotional reactions. Group therapy normally consists of 6-10 people attending a 90-minute session that can help more people and costs less. Biological or biomedical therapies include physical, medicinal, and other forms of biological therapies such as drug therapy, electroconvulsive therapy, and psychosurgery.
References
Corey, G. (2001). Theory and practice of counseling and psychotherapy.
Shenton Way, SG: Wadsworth Inc, p. 8-10.
Wood, S. E., Wood, E. G., & Boyd, D. (2010). Mastering the world of psychology.
Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.